Typhoid | Most communicable disease spread all over the world


Typhoid fever is an acute illness associated with fever caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria.


Signs and symptoms appear about seven to 14 days after catching the disease. Some children may not become sick for as long as two months after exposure. Signs and symptoms of typhoid fever may include:

  • a persistent fever that rises gradually to 39°C to 40°C (102°F to 104°F)
  • a headache
  • a sore throat
  • tiredness
  • low energy
  • stomach pain
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • a temporary rash with raised pink spots on the stomach or chest

If your child is showing symptoms of typhoid fever, take them to a doctor right away.

When treated, the symptoms usually subside several days after the start of antibiotics. Left untreated, typhoid fever can lead to severe illness, even death.

  • Poor sanitation as well as contaminated water and infected milk are some of the main factors responsible for typhoid.
  • Flies contaminate the food with germs. People carrying the germs can also spread the disease if they prepare or serve food.
  • Wrong dietary habits and faulty lifestyle lead to accumulation of toxic waste in the body and promotes typhoid fever.
  • Typhoid is common in people who eat more chicken as well as meat products.
     Natural remedies :
  • Complete bed rest is essential.
  • Patient should be kept on a liquid diet of orange, barley juice and milk. Moreover orange juice, especially, hastens recovery as it increases energy, promotes body immunity and increases urinary output.

    Administer warm water enema regularly.

  • Apply cold compress to the forehead if temperature rises above 103 degrees Fahrenheit. Alternatively, wrap the body and legs twice with a sheet wrung in cold water and then cover it with a warm material. The pack should be kept for an hour and renewed after every 3 hours. Hot water bottles may be applied to the sides of the body and feet.
  • Fresh fruits and easily digestible foods can be given after once the fever subsides and body temperature comes down to normal.
  • Plain water or unsweetened lemon water can be used for drinking.
  • Gradually start a well-balanced diet.

Implementation of anti-fly measures, proper disposal of sewage, boiling or thorough purification of drinking water and pasteurization of milk are some of the preventive measures.


The serious as well as potentially lethal complications of typhoid and paratyphoid include:

  • intestinal haemorrhage – bleeding from the intestine (signs include a sudden drop in blood pressure, and blood in the faeces)
  • intestinal perforation – a hole in the intestine that allows intestinal contents as well as blood to leak into the abdominal cavity
  • meningitis – inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain as well as the spinal cord
  • inflammation of other organs – such as the heart or pancreas
  • infection – such as infection of the lungs (pneumonia), kidneys, bladder or spine.

Without prompt medical treatment as well as typhoid and paratyphoid fevers can be fatal. Moreover treatment options may include:

  • hospitalisation – patients may need specialised as well as supportive medical care for a few days
  • antibiotics – to kill the bacteria as well as reduce the risk of complications and speed recovery
  • plenty of fluids – to counter the dehydration caused by the diarrhoea and fever.
Typhoid fever, when properly treated, is not fatal in most cases. Antibiotics, such as ampicillin, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, and ciprofloxacin, have been commonly use to treat typhoid fever in microbiology.

Moreover typhoid is the most communicable disease in all over the world. However nowadays we can cure from this disease but inspite of that it spread very rapidly all over the world.


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